ISH-BOSHETH

ISH-BOSHETH (Heb. אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת), son of saul ; reigned over Israel for two years (II Sam. 2:10), at the same time that David reigned over Judah in Hebron. The name Ish-Bosheth is a dysphemism (Baal = Boshet; see euphemism and dysphemism ) for his true name, Eshbaal (Heb. אֶשְׁבַּעַל, I Chron. 8:33; 9:39). The meaning of the syllable ʾesh is unclear. It is possibly derived from the root אישW, whose meaning (as in Ugaritic) is "to give (a present)"; the name would then mean "given by Baal" (cf. the Phoenician name Matanbaal and the Hebrew names Mattaniah, Nethanel, et al.). Others explain the name as meaning "man of Baal" or see in the radical אש a form corresponding to יש. After Saul and his three sons (including his firstborn) died in the battle against the Philistines at Mount Gilboa   (I Sam. 31), abner son of Ner, the uncle and general of Saul, took Eshbaal (Ish-Bosheth), the son of Saul, and proclaimed him king "over Gilead, and over the Ashurites (= Asherites), and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel" (II Sam. 2:8–9). The capital was fixed in Mahanaim on the eastern bank of the Jordan, at a distance from the Philistine garrisons, who controlled western Israel (I Sam. 31:7), and from the borders of Judah, where David reigned. By enthroning Ish-Bosheth, Abner intended, on the one hand, to prevent David from reigning over the whole of Israel and, on the other, to govern, in fact, the northern tribes; Ish-Bosheth, the legal successor of Saul, would be king in title but dependent on the will and mercy of Abner, the general of the army. Indeed, Abner concentrated the full authority of the government in his hands and led the war against David (II Sam. 2:12–17; 3:6). It is a measure of Abner's power and Ish-Bosheth's impotence that Abner dared to cohabit with rizpah daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul. It is not surprising that Ish-Bosheth reproached him for it; for he might well regard it as not only an affront to the memory of Saul, but also reason for suspecting Abner of ambitions to the throne (cf. 16:21–22; I Kings 2:17–22). Abner for his part regarded Ish-Bosheth's rebuke as an act of ingratitude for his efforts in preventing David from reigning over all Israel (II Sam. 3:8). It is also possible that Abner, realizing that the military situation was in favor of David (3:1), welcomed Ish-Bosheth's rebuke as a pretext for coming to terms with David and thus assured his continuing in the position of army commander in Israel (3:12–21). The dispute sealed Ish-Bosheth's fate. He had lost his main supporter (4:1) and the hope of remaining in power. According to II Samuel 4, Ish-Bosheth was murdered by two officers, Rechab and Baanah. It can be assumed that the conspirators, who came from the town of Beeroth, one of the four Hivite towns (Josh. 9:17), murdered Ish-Bosheth in order to avenge the execution of the Gibeonites by Saul (II Sam. 21:1). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bright, Hist, 175–7; Tsevat, in: JSS, 3 (1958), 237ff.; de Vaux, Anc Isr, 45, 94–95, 116, 220; EM, 1 (1965), 749–50, includes bibliography. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Edelman, in: ABD, 3, 509–10; S. Bar-Efrat, II Samuel (1996), 17. (Bustanay Oded)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ish-bosheth — (hebrew|אִֽישְׁבֹּ֫שֶׁת; Standard: unicode|Ishbóshet; Tiberian: unicode|ʼΚbṓšeṯ) also called Eshbaal (hebrew|אֶשְׁבַּ֫עַל; Standard: unicode|Eshbáʻal; Tiberian: unicode|ʼEšbáʻal), Ashbaal or Ishbaal, appears in the Hebrew Bible. He was one of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ish-bosheth — /ish boh shith/, n. a son and successor of Saul. II Sam. 2 4. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ish-bosheth — /ish boh shith/, n. a son and successor of Saul. II Sam. 2 4 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ish-bosheth —    Man of shame or humiliation, the youngest of Saul s four sons, and the only one who survived him (2 Sam. 2 4). His name was originally Eshbaal (1 Chr. 8:33; 9:39). He was about forty years of age when his father and three brothers fell at the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ish-bosheth (Eshbaal) — (fl. 11th cent BCE)    Israelite prince, son of Saul. After Saul and his other sons died in battle, Ish bosheth was proclaimed king by Saul s general, Abner (II Samuel 2:8 9). Abner led the war against David (II Samuel 2:12 17; 3:6), but… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • David — This article is about the biblical king. For other uses, see David (disambiguation). Daud , Dawood , and King David redirect here. For other uses, see Daud (disambiguation), Dawood (disambiguation), and King David (disambiguation). King David… …   Wikipedia

  • David — (rey de Israel) V. «lágrimas de David». * * * David. □ V. estrella de David, lágrimas de David. * * * Esta página se refiere al rey bíblico de Israel. Para otros significados del término véase David (desambiguación). David (דָּוִד Amado ) fue el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RECHAB AND BAANAH — (Heb. רֵכָב, rider ; and בַּעֲנָה, cf. Ugaritic bnʿna, son of Ana ), sons of Rimmon from Beeroth, one of the four cities which constituted the Gibeonite (or Hivite) league, and which has been identified as the site of el Bire, lying northwest of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABNER — (Heb. אַבְנֵר, אֲבִינֵר), cousin of King saul and captain of his host (I Sam. 14:50–51); from I Chronicles 8:33 it would appear that Abner was Saul s uncle. At court he occupied the seat of honor next to Jonathan, the crown prince (I Sam. 20:25) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RIZPAH — (Heb. רִצְפָּה), daughter of Aiah and concubine of Saul. After Saul s death, Rizpah probably withdrew to the palace of her son ish bosheth (Ishbaal) at Mahanaim, where abner took possession of her (II Sam. 3:7). Abner was reprimanded for this by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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